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IPv6 Basics (IPV6BASE)

Course Description Schedule Course Outline

Detailed Course Outline

IPv4 Review

  • This is needed to better understand the evolution from IPv4 to IPv6. This includes IPv4 addressing and workarounds which have extended the life of IPv4 for 20 years.

IPv6 Header

  • The evolution of the Internet since IPv4
  • IPv6 Header explained
  • IPv6 Header Extensions

IPv6 Addresses

  • Introduction, representation, format, notation.
  • Unicast Addresses: Global Unicast, Unique Local Addresses, how to Reserve a ULA on the web
  • Interface ID: EUI-64, Privacy Extension.
  • Multicast Addresses
  • Anycast Addresses
  • Special addresses: loopback, unspecified, site-local deprecated and others reserved addresses.
  • Addressing Hierarchy
  • Provider Aggregatable Versus Provider Independent
  • Multihoming: the issue and the solutions: Router based, Host based, NPT6
  • Autoconfiguration Stateful (dhcpv6) and Stateless


  • ICMPv6 Message format
  • Error Messages
  • Information Messages

Neighbor Discovery Protocol

  • MAC address resolution
  • Neighbor state machine
  • Neighbor Unreachability detection
  • Default Router Selection
  • Autoconfiguration
  • Multicast Group Management

First Hop Routing Protocols (FHRP)

  • Default router Availability
  • The solutions : ND, HSRPv6, GLBP, VRRP, RIPng

IPv6 Applications

  • DHCPv6
  • DNS and what is needed to support for IPv6
  • IPv6 Routers and Network Management
  • Mobile IPv6, NEMO, MANET

IPv6: Supported Platforms

  • Windows
  • MAC OS X
  • Linux
  • Firewalls
  • Introduction to the supported Routing Protocols

Introduction to IPv6 Multicast

  • PIM-SM or ASM Versus PIM-SSM
  • MLD: Differences between MLDv1 and MLDv2
  • Strategies for RP: Static, Embedded RP, Anycast RP, PIM-BSR

Transition to IPv6

  • History of the Transition to IPv6 since the beginning of IPv6
  • Dual-Stack
  • Translation: NAT, NAT-PT, NAT64, NAT46, NAT444, NAT464
  • Tunnels: 6in4, 6to4, 6RD, GRE, DVMRP, DS-Lite
  • Introduction to MPLS
  • IPv6 over MPLS for IPv4: 6PE, 6VPE

QoS in IPv6 Networks

  • What is new with IPv6?
  • The Flow Label field
  • The QoS models for 6PE and 6VPE: Uniform mode, Pipe Mode and Short Pipe mode

Introduction to Security in IPv6

  • What do we need to protect, deny or permit from the IPv6 Header?
  • Threats on Neighbor Discovery Protocol.
  • Cryptographically Generated Address
  • Protect the default router with X.509 Certificates
  • Secured Neighbor Discovery Protocol (SEND)
  • Introduction to IPSec
  • IPSec Authentication and Encryption
  • DHCPv6, DNS Attacks and Countermeasures
  • Use MD5 Authentication or IPSec for Routing Protocols
  • Secure DNS: Introduction to DNSSEC
  • Secure the routers access
  • Secure the Internet connection
  • IPv6 Firewalls: Router based or Host Based ?

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